A New Testament Perspective on Giving

Money is often an uncomfortable topic to talk about in the church. Immediately, people begin to think filthy lucre because of the unfortunate rise of prosperity gospel teachings and ministers who try to trick persons out of their money for personal gain. Yet, the New Testament speaks about giving more than any other topic. Giving is the way of God. His love towards us was demonstrated in His giving of His special Son. Love for each other is expressed in our giving. As a body, we were challenged on our commitment to giving from 2 Corinthians 9:1-10. We learned that giving begins at the level of our attitude. It must be:
1. Willing
2. Generous
3. Cheerful
4. Planned
5. Sustained

Day 1

Good morning, family. Let us reflect together:

“I have shown you all things, how that so labouring you ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how He said, it is more blessed to give than to receive” (Acts 20:35).

Paul sought to teach by example how other believers ought to act towards those in need (the weak). This teaching of Jesus, passed on by Oral traditions. The admonition to “Remember” suggests that this saying had been prominent in the Apostles’ teaching but it also indicates the importance for believers to be consistent in their response to giving.

Those who give are blessed, not because of the rewards they will receive for giving or becauae they are in a superior position but because there is a pure and godlike Joy in giving. The foundation on which this saying rests is that giving is the result of LOVE and SELF-SACRIFICE.

Where the heart is full of deep, real love, and that love expresses itself by the cheerful act of giving, there is a sense of blessedness. The highest joy and noblest use of our possessions is found in blessing others.



Day 2

Good morning, Family. As we continue our reflection, we answer THE question, “Why should I give?”

Merely “throwing ” your money in an offering plate out of compulsion or grudgingly is NOT giving in God’s eyes. The type of giving that pleases God is willing and cheerful and generous.

*1.We must give because we have received from God*, having considered that *”all generous giving and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from THE Father of lights, With whom there is no variation or THE slighest hint of change”* (James 1:17).

*2 We must give because it glorifies God*: God’s glory is THE overaching concern of every believer. *”Through the evidence of this service they will glorify God because of your OBEDIENCE to your confession in THE Gospel of Christ and THE generosity of your sharing With them and With everyone”* (2Cor. 9:13). Our heart must be concerned With the things of God, for where our heart. is, there our treasures will be.

Like every other spiritual discipline, giving is an important aspect if we are to walk worthy of our calling and to be used by God for His glory! Do you truly want to be used by God, or will you turn away in sorrow like the rich young ruler in Matthew 19: 16-22?


Day 3

Good morning, family. Let us deeply consider the following: “One the first day of the week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping With your income, *saving it up*, so that when I come no collections will have to be made” (1Cor. 16:2. NIV).
“Each of you should give what you have decided in your heart to give, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver” (2 Cor. 9:7 NIV).

We sometimes struggle with the question of how much to give. Giving, in the first place is an act of Faith in God to supply your needs.

Paul is consistent in his writing to Corinth that giving is a matter of the heart and must pre-planned & systematic. Each of the verses indicate that giving requires advance planning and must not be done on impulse or under pressure to do so. In response to God’s grace, each household should determine the amount/percentage God wants them to give each month (not the legalistic 10%. ) and then follow through on this. We should not wait for the offering plate to be passing down the aisle and the think, “Oh, let me drop something in.”

So, how do you arrive at a percentage/amount?? *PRAY* about it!!! If you hear God says 10% that is perhaps you or the voice of tradition screaming in your head. God can be leading to give more so be open to hear as you consider how he has blessed you and you trust Him to meet your other needs.


Day 4

Good morning, family.
With all the bills that we have to pay and all the responsibilities that creep up on us how do I still give? In 2 Cor. 8:2-3, we learn that sometimes, giving is sacrificial. The church was giving *”beyond their ability”* or giving having need themselves but trusting God to supply their needs.

But perhaps the question of concern we must have is, “do I just take up my money and give everyone who asks?” It is not right to deprive your family of necessities to give to others (1Timothy 5:8) but we dp have a duty to the poor and to the work of the ministry, as scripture teaches.
We are to help meet the physical needs of food, shelter, clothes, etc. of others, first to those who belong to the household of faith (Galatians 6:10) and then help others who may have genuine need; like that indigent woman or man in your community. That is why as a church, we have a love basket that we ask week after week that members carry s non perishable item so that we supply those in need.

But we are also are expected to give to the work of the ministry (Galatians 6:6; 1 Timothy 5:17-18). After you’ve taken care of family, this is next in line on your list of priority. However, be careful of the ministry you give to. Any ministry that is worth its salt will be ensuring that the needy in its midst are taken Care of.
The next time you are called upon to give consider these things.


How Do I get to know God: Tracing God Through His Word


Good morning Family lets reflect on :  Knowledge of God from 2 Peter1:2

“Grace and peace be multiplied unto you through the knowledge of God, and of Jesus our Lord.”

Renowned African American  educator, Burghardt DuBois was convinced that he could change the plight of black Americans if the truth of their condition was known, so he made careful scientific investigations and  presented his thesis. But several years after his presentation nothing happened. Remorsefully he came to the conclusion that ‘the availability of truth does not mean it will be appropriated’.

The church, today, spends much of its time claiming  all manner of things from  God as if we are entitled and  should have them.   Peter’s desire was that grace -God’s activity towards man to enable him; and peace – shalom- completeness, wholeness, prosperity, blessings and victory; be multiplied! But this was not wishful thinking as Peter instructed them how it could be accomplished which is by the knowledge of God.The  Greek word for knowledge has the preposition attached which means ‘towards’, ‘in the direction of’. So a knowledge that is always moving in the direction of that which it seeks to know. As our  knowlege of God and Jesus Christ increases  grace and peace  are multiplied to us. The better we know Them the more we experience grace and peace. The only way  we can gain this knowledge is by a  careful and purposeful study of God’s word .  So  lets us forget the  naming and  claiming and  start studying the word of God and appropriating it to our lives.


Good morning Family, today we reflect on the purpose of  having a knowledge of God.

2Peter1:3 tells us “seeing that His divine power has granted to us everything  pertaining to life and godliness, through the true knowledge of Him who called us”

How can finite man come to knowledge of an infinite God? Zophar long ago asked, “Can you by searching find out the  deep things of  God?” (Job 11:7) It was not left up to man to discover the  things concerning God but He revealed them in His word. And in knowing the word we find authority (power ) to live godly .

Chuck Swindoll listed the following six reasons why it is important to pursue knowledge of the Scriptures:

  1. Knowledge gives substance to faith.
  2. Knowledge stabilizes us during times of testing.
  3. Knowledge enables us to handle the Word of God accurately.
  4. Knowledge equips us to detect and confront error.
  5. Knowledge makes us confident and consistent in our walk with God.
  6. Knowledge filters out our fears and superstitions.

Godly living is not dependent on the binding of  spirits or invocation of supernatural power but on complete obedience to the revelation of the knowledge of God’s word.   Knowledge of God  produces godliness in us. Let us seek to gain knowledge of God through the study of His word.


Good morning Family,  today’s  encouragement  ‘Be faithful to grow in the knowledge of God.

As Peter concludes his epistle on false teachers that had infiltrated the Church the  charge is   “Therefore, beloved, knowing this beforehand, be on your guard so that you are not carried away by the error of unprincipled men and fall from your own steadfastness, but grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. 2 Peter 3:17-18

We live in an age where scant regard is given to the discovery of the truth of scripture. Worst even there is complete disregard both of the hearers and the preachers of the impending judgment given by Peter for those who would perverse the word. The Apostle  implores the church to be watchful and resist those who twist the word leading people astray. Peter says excuses will not stand if you  fail because he has given a warning  about  these persons and  of the consequences   to those who lead and also  follow.  He commands  against complacency and  exhorts his readers to grow in the knowledge of Jesus Christ.

If we are not rooted and grounded in the knowledge of God and Jesus Christ  which comes from a purposeful  study and application  of scripture    it will be easy to be swept off our feet and  loose our spiritual balance by the false teachings which swamp our culture. Lets remain faithful to growing in the knowledge of God.


Good morning, Family.

That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him:  The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of His calling, and  the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints,

Ephesians 1:17-18 KJV

Paul is praying that God would give believers a spirit of wisdom and revelation in the true knowledge of Him. What becomes clear is that to know these important truths requires God to reveal them. In Eph 4.18 he describes our previous state as , ” darkened in  understanding, excluded from the life of God because of ignorance “. Sin blinds the minds of unbelievers rendering them incapable of first, understanding the truth of the gospel and second the truths of God. It necessitates God to open blinded eyes to believe in Jesus as Saviour (2 Cor. 4:4,6). Our finite minds have to be enlightened by the Spirit of God to understand the deeper truths of His word.

This prayer of Paul includes an intellectual grasp of the Scriptures. We cannot obey what we do not understand. It engages our emotions to desire relationship. This brings us  into a greater submission to His will and conformity with His purpose . When we know  His plans, (the hope of His calling and glory of His inheritance  we become strengthened in the inner-man and will live victoriously as believers .

Psalm 19:7 reminds us that the Law (Word) of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul. The testimony of the Lord is sure, making the “simple” wise. The Word of God makes us wise and formidable against false teaching.


Good morning Family. Paul’s prayer for the believers in Ephesians 3:18-19 “may be able to comprehend…what is the breadth and length and height and depth, and to know the love of Christ which surpasses knowledge, that you may be filled up to all the fullness of God.

These verses express the heart of Paul  for his fellow believers to understand the fullness,  vastness and completeness of  Christ’s  love . The Apostle  prays  because only by Divine intervention can our finite minds comprehend the great love that Christ’s gives. Such love  surpasses human  knowledge.

John McAuthur does a good contrast; human love lasts until it is offended. Christ love lasts despite every offense. Human  love is  for what it can get. Christ love is  for what it can give.

Paul knows that when the child of God grasps the magnitude of this truth it will  result in deep gratitude, manifested  in a life  yielded to the will and purpose of Christ born out of a deep sense of obligation. The book of Romans describe it as a living sacrifice which is our reasonable response to His love demonstrated through  His mercies and grace. Being filled with all the  fullness of God that is  being under God’s complete control and emptied of self.

These are critical elements for victorious Christian life.

Paul’s prayer, then, is that we live victorious Christian lives  fitting of our calling.

When It Does Not Make Sense

This series is intended to deepen our faith; that is, to take our faith beyond seeking “things” and to trusting God because of who He is. For many, their faith is in their faith and not in the character of God. A faith that is firmly rested in God is immovable when things do not make sense to us. Please contemplate these reflections:


Genesis 50:20: “You intended to harm me, but God intended it for good to accomplish what is now being done, the saving of many lives.”

Joseph spoke those profound words to his brothers at their reunion. They had sold him into slavery after holding him in a pit. Joseph experienced rejection and abandonment from his on kin and then in his new home, he experienced being lied upon and subsequent imprisonment. And after he had done good for those whose dreams he interpreted, he was forgotten. Oh what suffering!! Oh what pain!! But God had purpose in all of it. Joseph’s suffering and pain was his path to purpose – saving an entire nation and his own family.

Often, we do not understand why we go through the things we do. We get angry, anxious, frustrated or despondent. We ask God why. But God has purpose for our suffering. All those things we think are meant for evil, God intends for our good and He will get glory out of it. He will bring us out on the other side victorious. Be patient in tribulation. Do not despise suffering. Wait on God. Look for His purpose while you wait for your “breakthrough” to come. Suffering is part of THE PROCESS!!! #TrustGOD #EndureSufferingAsGoodSoldiers

(2 Corinthians 1:3&4): “Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord, Jesus Christ, the Father of compassion and the God of all comfort, who comforts us in all our troubles, so that we can comfort those in any trouble with the comfort we ourselves receive from God”.

Have you ever asked the question, “why me, Lord?” Many of us have asked the question at some point, especially when we find ourselves in trouble. That question makes, at least, two presuppositions: 1. You should not be having troubles 2. Since you are experiencing trouble, God must have a purpose for it. While the first supposition is false, the second is True. God is in control and He has a purpose for every experience in our lives. God uses those unpleasant circumstances in our lives to demonstrate Himself as comforter in our lives and to use us to strengthen and comfort others. I consider that a privilege and honour.

Recently, I spoke in church about WORRY. Many of the illustrations came from the situations I’ve been through. Many persons came afterwards to say how much they were encouraged to trust God. It amazed me that God can use my suffering to encourage others.

The next time we have a troubling experience, instead of despairing, remember that God has a purpose for your suffering – He is making your life a blessing to others.


“Consider it pure Joy, my brothers nd sisters, whenever you face trials of many kinds because you know that the testing of your faith produces perseverance. Let patience finish its work so that you may be mature and complete, not lacking anything.” (James 1:2-4)

Amidst the height of persecution of Jewish believers scattered among pagan peoples, comes this surprising exhortation from James that trials should be faced, by the believer, with an attitude of joy and not be seen as a punishment or inconvenience. While, we are not being joyous for trials, we are certainly being encouraged to be joyous IN trials. The believer can face trials with joy because of the benefits that come out of those trials. Trials, when approached with the right attitude (joy) produces endurance. True faith is proven by our ability to withstand testing. James says “because you know that the testing of your faith produces perseverance.” The word “know” actually means that we know through experience… The many times that God has taken us through similar trials. Those are the experiences we use to remind ourselves of the benefits of trials.

And when we allow perseverance to finish its work – when we allow God to take us through the “PROCESS”, we become mature and spiritually fulfilled and lacking nothing (we will be all that God wants us to be).

I know it is difficult for us to see how we can face trials with Joy. It seems difficult to accomplish. James says if we find it difficult to understand how this can be accomplished, assistance is readily available from a giving God (If any of you lacks wisdom, you should ask God… James 1:5).

Let us endeavour to face every test with a new attitude. #JoyfulInTrial #PrayerfullyEndure #LetPerseverancFinishItsWork


1 Peter 1: 3-7… In this passage, Peter encourages the believers to give praise to God for the new birth they’ve received, the living hope they have of an imperishable future inheritance, that they are shielded by God’s power and he encourages them to praise God through “suffering grief and all kinds of trials.”

Often, when we repeat the refrain, “God is good”, it is because things are going good. But when things are not going as well, we forget that His goodness remains – for it is not dependent on our circumstances. We still have new birth, we still have a living hope, there is still an imperishable inheritance reserved for us. But we forget that when we are experiencing suffering or grief.

Peter reminds the believers who were exiles in various cities that they ought to praise God and rejoice, despite their suffering because suffering has two major results:
1. It refines and purifies one’s faith,much like how gold is refined when it goes through the fire and the dross (impurity) is removed

2. It proves the reality and genuiness of our faith. The power of our convictions about God is never truly demonstrated in the “good” times. When we are able to endure suffering and trials of ALL kinds and still not doubt or sway or question God’s goodness, then we have proved that our faith is genuine – that it is not in the things we have or our comfort but in God.
Genuine faith (which is demonstrated in the midst of suffering) is not just of value to the believer (Peter said it is more valuable than gold) but it will also bring #Praise, #Glory and #Honour to God. In other words. Our attitude in the midst of suffering demonstrates our real conviction and convinces others of the truth of our LIVING HOPE!

Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ for new birth, a living hope, an imperishable future inheritance reserved for me. And though, now, for a little while, I may suffer grief in all kinds of trials, yet I rejoice because of ALL that he’s done and because He is making my faith pure and genuine, so that He can get glory out of my life. Have YOUR way, Lord!


“I consider that our present sufferings are far ourweighed by the glory that will be revealed in (as well as to and through) us.” Romans 8:18

We are called to endure suffering. It is a part of our Christian walk. Paul reminded his readers that sharing in Christ’s future glory required sharing in his sufferings in this life. He shares with them that this future glory upon which the believer waits in (guaranteed) hope, is so GREAT that present sufferings are insignificant in comparison. Also, this glory is forever, while suffering is temporary. This should help us to endure suffering as we consider that it won’t last.

One of my favourite hymns reverberates as I write:

“Oft times the days seem long, our trials hard to bear. We’re tempted to complain; to murmur and despair. But Christ will soon appear to catch his bride away. All tears forever over in God’s eternal day… It will be worth it all when we see Jesus! Life’s trials will seem so small when we see Christ. One glimpse of His dear face, all sorrow will erase. So bravely run the race till we see Christ.”

It (our suffering) is worth it all. Paul knew what that meant. He demonstrated the hope he had in this future glory by rejoicing in the midst of suffering and persecution. Do you consider that Christ is worth you (and I) suffering this light affliction in this life? The next time you come up on hard time, what will be your attitude?

#think aboutfutureglory #ItWillBeWorthItAll #EndureSuffering #BravelyRunTheRace


WE NEED THE WORD (Psalm 119:105). “Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light for my path.” ……. Life presents, at times, so many situations, where we don’t know where to turn; what to do; which decision to take. Sometimes we feel lost and the path is not always lit. Or it may be that our values collide with our reality and we are presented with an ethical dilemma. What then do we do?

The Word of God is clear about what we must do. It sheds light on the way we must take and the steps we must make. It is our compass. In a world where the lines between right and wrong are constantly being blurred and values are being contested, we need more than ever before a moral compass. Peter echoes the sentiments of the psalmist in 2 Peter 1:19 “And we have the word of the prophets made more certain, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts.”…… So what do you do when you ‘don’t know what to do?’ RELY ON THE WORD! It will direct your path.


Moreover, How many times, in your own journey with God, have you kept messing up after you vowed that it would never happen again? Let me guess. Many, right? We are prone to taking bad decisions and making wrong choices and sometimes turning over a new leaf can be difficult. As, believers, this tendency to do wrong often impacts negatively upon our Christian witness (to/in the world). But how do we overcome? How do we begin to make the RIGHT choices and get the victory in our lives? Psalm 119:9 tells us we can keep our way pure (or have victory over those wrong choices) by “taking heed” to the WORD of God/Obeying His WORD.

Wow! For many years, I struggled in my walk with God; praying and fasting for ‘deliverance’ until I realized that all I needed to do was OBEY God’s word; TAKE HEED to His instructions about how I must live and the choices I must make. It is His WORD that I must let guide my decisions. I am a lot more victorious today, over my struggles.WE NEED HIS (ANCIENT) WORD that ever true; changing me & changing you… Would you rely on His WORD today?

“A SUPERIOR COVENANT”:- Hard Saying in Hebrews!!

In engaging the exegesis of Hebrews 6:1-12, the New American Standard Bible was selected as the version of the Bible that will be referenced primarily due to its readability and its maintenance of the integrity of the original Greek meanings and innuendos and nuances. Particular attention will be given to verses 4, 5 and 6.

Heb 6:1-12

Therefore leaving the elementary teaching about the Christ, let us press on to maturity, not laying again a foundation of repentance from dead works and of faith toward God, 2 of instruction about washings and laying on of hands, and the resurrection of the dead and eternal judgment. 3 And this we will do, if God permits.4 For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, 5 and have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the age to come, 6 and then have fallen away, it is impossible to renew them again to repentance, since they again crucify to themselves the Son of God and put Him to open shame.7 For ground that drinks the rain which often falls on it and brings forth vegetation useful to those for whose sake it is also tilled, receives a blessing from God; 8 but if it yields thorns and thistles, it is worthless and close to being cursed, and it ends up being burned. 9 But, beloved, we are convinced of better things concerning you, and things that accompany salvation, though we are speaking in this way. 10 For God is not unjust so as to forget your work and the love which you have shown toward His name, in having ministered and in still ministering to the saints. 11 And we desire that each one of you show the same diligence so as to realize the full assurance of hope until the end, 12 so that you will not be sluggish, but imitators of those who through faith and patience inherit the promises.


The pressures and trials of life sometimes cripple the faith of believers to the point that they feel disappointment with the faith they hold and even with the God of their faith. Consequently, many faint in the walking out of this faith. Some refer to this state as a state of backsliding and others see this state as a turning away from God and a consequent loss of salvation.

The book of Hebrews seems to be a book that contains many difficult passages as it relates to soteriology. There is the warning against: “Doubt” (3:12-19); “Denial” (4:1-5:14); “Drifting” (6:1-20), among others. Many use those passages as arguments against eternal security, claiming lucid evidence to substantiate their points-of-view. Others argue that those seemingly difficult passages can easily be reconciled with the wider context of scripture as well as considering the historical context of the book and the circumstances that warranted the writer’s sharp warnings to his audience.

Any careful exegete of scripture will, from the historical context of the time in which the book was written; the general message from the book of Hebrews; the immediate context of chapter six and the meanings of the key words used within the passage under review, draw the true meaning of the same passage and its implications for our present context as we seek to live out our faith.

Historical Background of Hebrews

The book of Hebrews is said to be like no other New Testament epistle. It is described as a book that has problems peculiar to itself. In form of construction, style, in argument, and in relation to other books of the Bible, Hebrews stands apart.[1] In addition, unlike the first nine epistles (Romans to 2 Thessalonians), which are addressed to Christian churches (primarily gentile audiences), Hebrews (the first of the final nine epistles) is clearly written to Jews.[2] The book’s address could have meant that the people to whom the book was written spoke Hebrew as in the case of Acts 6:1. However, if the title is a deduction of the contents of the book then it can be accepted that it is referring to members of the Jewish nation, who believed themselves to be specially chosen by God. But it is clear that from the letter itself that the letter is written to Christians – Jewish Christians.[3]

Why was the Letter Written?

The writer calls his/her letter an exhortation (13:22). The Greek word used for exhortation may also be translated ‘encouragement’ or ‘appeal’. The letter itself may justify those three translations as it contains passages of warning, encouragement and strength to Christian loyalty. The letter is really an argument for the superiority of Christ over the tenets of Judaism- Christianity supercedes Judaism.[4]

Why was important for such exhortation, encouragement or appeal? Though it is arduous to fix a date in which the epistle must have been written, it is plain that the book was written some time before A.D. 70, which was before the destruction ofJerusalem. It will help to understand the context of the letter, if we understand the general atmosphere at the time of its writing.

Christians were suspected and consequently punished by religious bodies-particularly the Jews-and by Roman authorities. As such, those Christians may have been pressured to the point of refusing to live out their faith and reverting to Judaism. Hence, according to Davies, a letter stressing the finality and all sufficiency of Christianity would strengthen them.

Furthermore, all Christians knew that the Old Testament was God’s covenant made with Israeland out of it; a new covenant was made in Jesus Christ. Their dilemma was now whether they should be Jews as well as Christians and how must they now relate to non-Christian Jews. Such confusion may have weakened their faith. The overwhelming persecution and confusion they experienced may have caused some to arrive at the brink of apostasy (refuge could not be sought in the Law or Judaism, which was rendered obsolete by the finished work of Christ on Calvary).[5]


Though the name Paul is often linked with this book, there is much debate over its authorship. The book is anonymous. Paul often attached his name to his writings. The early church suggested it was Barnabas, Luke, Silvanus, Philip, Priscilla or Clement.[6] There is no internal or external evidence as to the author of the letter but what is clear is that the writer understood both the implications of the law and the deep theological realities of Christ’s sacrifice.

Background of Hebrews 6:1-12

Hebrews 6:1-3 picks up on the spiritual dryness of the Hebrews. The chapter begins with an appeal by the author to move on to spiritual maturity.[7] The Hebrew Christians must abandon the rudiments of the law[8] because they have a far better provision inCalvary and a superior priest in Christ. Since the total book of Hebrews is about the ‘Superiority of Christ’, chapter six seeks to present the superiority of Christ as a sacrifice versus that of animal sacrifice in the Old Testament.

Verse one calls for the abandoning of temple sacrifices and its attending rituals intimating a once and for all action as part of the warning echoed but also beginning a case for the Superiority of Christ’s finished work and thus encourage the Hebrews not to return to Judaism or apostasies.[9]

Furthermore, the writer makes a point by focusing on the words “leaving” and “pressing on” in the opening verse. The word “leaving” is a verb that mean to “put or place” with a preposition prefixed which means “off” or “away” (aphiemi). The preposition implies separation. The various meanings and shades of the word may imply: “to send away”, “let go” “to send from one’s self”, “to let be” or “to disregard”. On the other hand “pressing on” or “let us go on” is an aorist participle, which shows that the action of the aorist participle precedes the action of the leading verb  and thus the tense of the word will suggest a once and for all action. Hence from verse one, one gets the understanding that it is impossible for one to have truly moved forward if one has not been first separated from that which one was attached to. Verses 1-3 therefore tells the Christians that they need to separate themselves from the teachings of salvation through keeping the law and move on to faith in the finished work of a more superior sacrifice- Christ Jesus-a once and for all action- that saves once and for all.[10]

The question that still remains to be answered at this point though, in chapter six, is that if the believers had already abandoned Jewish Customs-the Old Covenant sacrifices, why does the writer still feel the need to admonish them to abandon same? According to Wuest (1947), based on verse four of chapter six, the Holy Spirit had already enlightened them so that they saw the sacrifices were abolished at the cross and  that the sacrifice of Jesus Christ was the only way to salvation. They had acted on that realization and had abandoned the dependence on the works according to the Old Testament sacrifice. Their former dependence did not yield  to salvation.

“4 For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, 5 and have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the age to come, 6 and then have fallen away, it is impossible to renew them again to repentance, since they again crucify to themselves the Son of God and put Him to open shame.” Since salvation could not have been obtained through the sacrifice of any of the Judaistic rudiments and is only made available through Christ, who had made them partakers of the Holy Spirit and of the Heavenly gift, then to depart from that path means that there is no other source of  appeal for salvation. It will be, therefore, impossible for such a person (if it were possible) who turns away to be afforded the opportunity to repent because it will mean that Jesus Christ will have to again be crucified.[11]According to Williams (1926), if, after having come to acknowledge a crucified Messiah, they turned back from these realities to Mosaic rudiments, it would be impossible that they restart at John’s baptism and once again advance to Christ’s salvation for they had abandoned that road there would remain no other way of life and blessing.[12]

Verses seven and eight, according to Ryrie, will seem to suggest that a refusal to move on to maturity is inevitably going to lead to loss of reward; also supported in 1 Corinthians 3:15[13] while, verses nine to twelve seem to be sending the message that the sharp warning was to stir up a faith that persevered despite the persecution and the tendency to want to revert to Judaism-be steady in faith! A steady faith will assure them that even thought they are enduring the pressures now, they have a blessed hope because of the salvation experienced through a superior relationship with Christ (verse 11).

Exegesis on Hebrews 6:4-6

The most troubling part of the chapter however, is from versefour to six. It has been one of the points of departure for discussions on eternal security and loss of salvation through apostasy. For clearer understanding and proper exegesis of these verses, the general context of the book of Hebrews, the theme of the chapter under review, the meanings and nuances of critical words and the wider context of biblical teachings must be considered.

6:4 Ἀδύνατον *)adu/naton γὰρ ga\r τοὺς tou\s ἅπαξ a(/pac φωτισθέντας, fwtisqe/ntas, γευσαμένους geusame/nous τε te τῆς th=s δωρεᾶς dwrea=s τῆς th=s ἐπουρανίου e)pourani/ou καὶ kai\ μετόχους meto/xous γενηθέντας genhqe/ntas πνεύματος pneu/matos ἁγίου a(gi/ou 6:5 καὶ kai\ καλὸν kalo\n γευσαμένους geusame/nous θεοῦ qeou= ῥῆμα r(h=ma δυνάμεις duna/meis τε te μέλλοντος me/llontos αἰῶνος, ai)w=nos, 6:6 καὶ kai\ παραπεσόντας, parapeso/ntas, πάλιν pa/lin ἀνακαινίζειν a)nakaini/zein εἰς ei)s μετάνοιαν, meta/noian, ἀνασταυροῦντας a)nastaurou=ntas ἑαυτοῖς e(autoi=s τὸν to\n υἱὸν ui(o\n τοῦ tou= θεοῦ qeou= καὶ kai\ παραδειγματίζοντας

a rough translation of the verse may sound like: “It is impossible for the ones once being enlightened, besides tasting of the gift of the heavenly and being partakers the Holy Spirit and the good tasting word of God besides the powerful works of the impending world and falling aside again to be renewing into after mind, they crucifying to themselves the Son of the God and holding up to shame.”

Ἀδύνατον (adunaton)= Impossible

ἅπαξ (apax) = once (and for all- permanence)

φωτισθέντας (photisthentas) = being enlightened (from the word “photizo”meaning light) it is in the Aorist passive Accusative plural. The passive tone here suggests that the audience were recipients of the enlightenment (it was nothing they had done to achieve it) from God and connotes the message of genuine salvation experience.

Παραπεσόντας (parapesontas)- falling away/aside (Aorist Active Accusative Plural) past action with continuing implications. It is a linear tense.

παραδειγματίζοντας (paradeigmatizontas)= holding up to shame (Present Active Accusative plural). There is continuous sense of the action.

There is the sense that the writer uses a hypothetical situation to express the warning that he did. Clearly he makes a case for impossibility. It is impossible to have the process of enlightenment (regeneration expressed in Ephesians 2:1) and being made to receive the Holy Spirit (with whom we are sealed unto the day of redemption Ephesians4:30) twice. It will mean that Christ will have to crucified again because the work of salvation, described in verses four and five is once and for all. Hebrews 1:3 says that after he made purification for our sins he sat down; signaling the finality of his sacrifice over that of the old covenant. The implications for the Hebrews therefore was to consider what they were giving up (a superior covenant) for one that was impossible to bring salvation. Of course, such an argument will encourage them in a time of great confusion and temptation to turn back that they were really giving up the “real deal” for that which is only a shadow (Colossians 2 16:17). Furthermore, the writer summed up his argument in verse 12 of chapter 6 by telling them of the inheritance to be gained for persevering through persecution.


Within many of our churches in the world, there is the sense that struggle with one’s faith and to the point of failure to practice its tenets leads to the loss of one’s salvation. Consequently, the person may be beyond redemption because of the impossibility of repentance after such. To hold to such a view therefore not only causes persons to remain in that state of backsliding longer than they should, it removes the assurance and hope one has in restoring fellowship with one’s saviour. As a consequence the Christian life becomes one that abolishes the idea of second chances. Further, it leaves no place for those who become weak in faith.

On the contrary, to understand and appreciate the passage in its truest sense, allows for an appreciation of the fact that the salvation which we have been made partakers of is so rich and precious. It leads the believer into a life of gratitude that we have, through the Christ and His work on the cross, we have eternal life. Our salvation is superior to that of the Old Covenant. I don’t have to be worried about keeping the law which according to Romans5:20was added so that sin may abound (that we realize how incapable we are of keeping same).

In the midst of our suffering, we can look to Hebrews 6 and when tempted to allow persecution and suffering to draw us away from our commitment to God we can say like Peter, “to whom shall we go.” We have a superior relationship in Christ, why not endure suffering to the end?


Baxter J. Sidlow. 1960 “Explore the Book”, Zondervan Publishing House,Grand Rapids,Michigan,USA

Davies , J.H.. 1967 “The Cambridge Bible Commentary-A Letter to the Hebrews”,CambridgeUniversity Press.

Pfeiffer, Charles. 1962. Everyman’s Bible Commentary: The Epistle to the Hebrews, Moody Press,Chicago,Illinois

Pfeiffer, Charles F. and EverettF. Harrison. 1962“The Wycliffe Bible Commentary”, The Southwestern Company,Nashville,Tennessee,USA.

Phillips, John. 1977. Exploring Hebrews. Moody Press,Chicago,Illinois.

Williams, George. 1926. The Student’s Commentaryon the Holy Scriptures. Kregel Publications,Grand Rapids,Michigan. Pg. 978.

Wuest, Kenneth S. 1947. Hebrews in the Greek New Testament. W.M. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.Grand Rapids,Michigan. Pgs 108-109.

[1] Pfeiffer, Charles F. and Everett F. Harrison. 1962“The Wycliffe Bible Commentary”, The Southwestern Company,Nashville,Tennessee,USA. Pg. 1401

[2] J. Sidlow Baxter. 1960 “Explore the Book”, Zondervan Publishing House,Grand Rapids,Michigan,USA. Pg. 259.

[3] J.H.Davies. 1967 “The Cambridge Bible Commentary-A Letter to the Hebrews”,CambridgeUniversity Press. Pg.3

[4] Ibid. Charles Ryrie agrees that the letter was a word of exhortation and posits that it was so because some of the believers were in danger of abandoning faith in Jesus Christ and reverting to Judaism. Ryrie sites persecution as a reason for why some may have sought to revert to the Judaism. Ryrie, Charles C. 1995. Ryrie Study Bible (NASB), Moody Press,Chicago,Illinois.

[5] J.H.Davies. 1967 “The Cambridge Bible Commentary-A Letter to the Hebrews”,CambridgeUniversity Press.

[6] Pfeiffer, Charles. 1962. Everyman’s Bible Commentary: The Epistle to the Hebrews, Moody Press,Chicago,Illinois. Pg.7. The author’s familiarity with Jewish teachings and customs suggests that he or she was Jewish but the anonymity of the letter may allude to female authorship. If the contents were to be taken seriously it could not have been a female author, hence it is alleged that is why the author chose to remain anonymous.

[7] Phillips, John. 1977. Exploring Hebrews. Moody Press,Chicago,Illinois. Pg. 89.

[8] These include animal sacrifices, keeping of the Sabbaths and all other rituals accounted for righteousness according to custom.

[9] Phillips, John. 1977. Exploring Hebrews. Moody Press,Chicago,Illinois. Pg. 89.

[10]. Wuest, Kenneth S. 1947. Hebrews in the Greek New Testament. W.M. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.Grand Rapids,Michigan. Pgs 108-109.

[11]Wuest, Kenneth S. 1947. Hebrews in the Greek New Testament. W.M. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.Grand Rapids,Michigan. Pgs 108-109.

As it is impossible for the once and for all sacrifice of Jesus on the cross to be done again, it will be impossible for anyone to be brought into salvation through any other means since Jesus sacrifice is the superior of the two systems the writer to the Hebrews continues to compare. Of-course his is a hypothetical scenario. The careful exegete must remember that the central theme of Hebrews is the superiority of Christ.

[12] Williams, George. 1926. The Student’s Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. Kregel Publications,Grand Rapids,Michigan. Pg. 978.

[13] Ryrie, Charles C. 1995. Ryrie Study Bible (NASB), Moody Press,Chicago,Illinois.


“For truly I say unto you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the law until all is accomplished” (Matthew 5:18; NAS).

What did Jesus mean when he spoke these words? Is it that Christians are expected to keep all the rigid Old Testament laws or is it that He (Jesus) will accomplish the law so that we are no longer required to do so? This may be one of the most difficult problems to reconcile in Christian doctrine. It has grave implications for our soteriology and the practice of Christianity. On the one hand, Christ is supposedly reinforcing the Law and its functions while on the other hand, Paul is purporting that Christ has brought an end to the law (Romans 10:4), cancelling its requirements by death on the cross (Colossians 2:14).

Firstly, in one’s attempts to bring reconciliation to these seemingly contradictory passages, it must be taken for granted that all of scripture is God breathed and therefore inerrant; without error or contradictions and that God’s revelation (His Word) is consistent with whom He is. Consequently, there is no contradiction that appears between what Jesus explained about the fulfillment of the law and what Paul explains in more lucid terms. Jesus Christ has ended the requirements of the law which was meant to bring justification.

Understanding the Law

Additionally, to further engage the argument, it must be understood by all, what is meant by ‘The law’. According to Fee and Stuart (2003, 164), the term Law has multiple connotations when it is used in scripture. One such connotation is that law in the plural form may refer to those more than six hundred specific commandments that the Israelites were expected to follow as a sign of their loyalty to God. In the singular, however, the law can refer to the Pentateuch, i.e. from Genesis to Deuteronomy. It may even refer to, what some writers in the New Testament refer theologically to, the entire Old Testament religious system. Conner (1980, 193) in his book, The Foundations of Christian Doctrine: A Practical Guide to Christian Belief, speaks of a concept of divine law, which he says God gave as a standard of righteousness for all to follow. He goes on to say that without the law there would be no order and everything would be chaos.

However, one must understand that the law is a paradigm. It is hardly a complete list of all the things that one could or should do to please God. The law presents, rather, examples of what it means to be loyal to God by, as Conner puts it, following His standards. The law was mean to lead men to faith in God; it was a guide to salvation. Paul in his letter to the church in Galatia puts it this way, “Therefore, the law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith (Galatians 3:24; NAS). This is why nowhere in the Old Testament is it suggested that anyone was saved by keeping the Law. Rather, the Law was a special gift to Israel, to differentiate them from their pagan neighbours in moral and spiritual conduct but it could not justify them.  Again, Paul alludes to this in Galatians 2:16 “…a man is not justified by works of the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have believed in Christ so that we may be justified by faith in Christ and not by the works of the Law; since by the works of the Law no one will be justified. In other words, we have been vindicated of any charge of sin as it relates to our failure to keep the Law (Ryrie, 1995) because of what Christ has done. This is what is meant by Christ has put an end to the Law.

Christ has ended the Law

Wilkinson and Boa (1983, 395) in their commentary on the book of Galatians, describe the theme and purpose of the book as a corrective teaching on justification by faith apart from works of the Law to counteract the  teachings of Jewish legalists who were influencing the believers to trade their freedom in Christ for bondage of the Law. They went further to show how Paul’s discourse in chapters five and six were written to show that liberty from the law does not mean lawlessness as his opponents might have opined. The believer does not need the law to make him righteous he is declared righteous by his faith because Christ fulfilled the requirements of the law, thus, ending it.

Moreover, for us to fully understand what is meant by Christ bringing an end to the law, therefore, justifying us through faith (and not the Law), we will have to understand the concept of justification. The teaching of Romans 3:24 that justification is given or imputed to us, or as we may put it simply, “given a mek up” so that we can be considered righteous before God is a teaching that resonates throughout the teachings of Paul. Paul continually makes the point that this is not a position in Christ that is earned through legalism but one that is accessed by faith. And this faith itself is not of the conscience of man but find its origin in God (Romans 12:3b). Further to, the anonymous writer to the Hebrews, or Pricilla (some scholars have suggested) refusing to reveal her identity, says in 9:12-14 presents Jesus acting as the propitiation or sacrificial lamb, satisfying the penalty for sin, which makes it possible for us to receive righteousness without having to pay or work for it. The righteousness that is revealed is from God not our efforts because again we all stand guilty before God Romans 3:10-18, 23. Speaking of God’s sovereignty in salvation, Paul supports this notion again in Romans 9:16.

According to Wilkinson and Boa, from Romans 1:18-3:20, Paul builds a case for the condemnation of all people, by God. He shows that Jews and Gentiles seek to be in right standing (be justified) by using relative standards not realizing that God’s requirement is absolute perfection. Paul knows, posit Wilkinson and Boa, that the bad news (condemnation) must be understood before the good news (justification) can be appreciated. The passage on justification picks up on man’s need for God’s provision, since man is unable of attaining this perfection on his own. The first 11 verses (Romans 3:21-31) of the discourse reveal that in Christ, God is both Judge and Saviour. The Lord is not unjust when he declares that sinners are in right standing with him because He bases this pronouncement upon the death of Christ on their behalf.

Furthermore, Warren W Wiersbe (1989), in explaining justification as seen in the passage begins by alluding to God’s nature. He says that God is absolute in what He is in Himself and relative in how He relates to men. One of His absolute attributes is love and when he relates that love to us, it becomes mercy and grace. In His mercy God does not give us as we deserve and in His grace, He gives us what we do not deserve. It is, therefore, not difficult to understand God can make us right before Him even if we do not deserve that pronouncement. The Greek word translated freely, can also be translated without cause as seen in John 15:25. We are justified without cause. In other words, there is no cause in us that merit the salvation of God. Justification is being put in right relationship with God by God himself. It finds its origin with God is independent of any human effort. Justification guarantees us peace with God because God’s demand for justice was satisfied in Christ’s death.

In this regard, as we grapple with the notion that Christ is the end of the law, it may augur well for us to think of the liberty that He wrought for us through His death and not necessarily about thoughts of lawlessness. Because even with the law, as Paul asserts, sin increased; there was lawlessness (Romans 5:20). As we encounter Christ in Galatians, we need to understand that He ended the Law in that He freed the believer from bondage to the Law (legalism) and to sin (license) and has placed him or her in a position of liberty (Wilkinson and Boa, 1983; 396).


What, then, did Jesus mean by His statement in Matthew 5:18? According to Ryrie Study Bible (1995) Jesus might have been making reference to the fulfillment of everything in the Old Testament. In the preceding verse Jesus said that he came to fulfil the Law not institute lawlessness and so one gets the Understanding that Jesus was making reference to His purpose in coming and the accomplishment of the cross; pointing to what Paul says in Romans 10:4, that by His death on the Cross, Christ ended our adherence to the Law to be declared righteous. Our righteousness is now dependent on faith in Christ just as Abraham’s was before the Law.

Reference List

Conner, Kevin J. The Foundations of Christian Doctrine: A Practical Guide to Christian Belief; BT Publishing, Portland, Oregon, USA. 1980.

Fee, Gordon D. and Douglas Stuart: How to Read the Bible for all its Worth. Zondervan Publishing Company; Grand Rapid, Michigan, USA. 2003.

Wiersbe, Warren: The Bible Exposition Commentary. Chariot Victor Publishing, Colorado Springs, Colorado; USA. 1989.

Wilkinson, Bruce and Kenneth Boa: Talk Through the Bible. Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 1983.